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Highest incidence of snakebite in Africa occurs in the West African savanna

Highest incidence of snakebite in Africa occurs in the West African savanna

The highest incidence of snakebite in Africa occurs in the West African savanna region. In this region, saw-scaled or carpet vipers (E. ocellatus, E. leucogaster, E. jogeri), spitting cobras (Naja nigricollis and N. katiensis) and puff adders (Bitis arietans) are common causes of serious envenoming. Throughout eastern and southern Africa, the puff adder is thought to be responsible for most… Read more →

Situation of Snakebite in Africa

The Situation

Envenoming by snakes is an important public health problem in Africa, where an estimated 500000 cases occur annually (Chippaux, 1998a), resulting in high mortality and morbidity (Chippaux, 1998a; Theakston et al., 2003; Warrell and Arnett, 1976). Currently, however, the availability of antivenoms, the only medically approved therapy for treatment, is very limited in Africa; this is due mainly to the major… Read more →

EchiTAb-Plus-ICP_Vial

The Solution: Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins

A polyspecific Pan-African antivenom has been produced from the plasma of horses immunized with a mixture of the venoms of Echis ocellatus, Bitis arietans and Naja nigricollis, the three most medically important snakes in sub- Saharan Africa. The antivenom is a whole IgG preparation, obtained by caprylic acid precipitation of non-IgG plasma proteins. The antivenom effectively neutralizes the most important… Read more →